Nausea, also referred to as morning sickness, is an unpleasant feeling experienced by almost 60-80% pregnant women. Despite of what it’s called, morning sickness can be felt any time during the day. Usually nausea is experienced in the early weeks, starting in the first four to 16 weeks. It normally subsides by 14th or 17th week, after the last menstrual cycle of the pregnant woman. Sometimes women experience nausea at 17 weeks pregnant.
Most cases of nausea are treated with small changes in diet or the environment. The cause is still not known, so there is no specific cure for morning sickness and it differs in each pregnant woman. Keeping a journal and making a note about the symptoms you notice and your daily activities, will be helpful in pointing out when the symptoms are most active or absent. This will help your doctor to understand, what triggers your nausea and ways of minimizing the problem.
By following certain eating habits, you might be able to find some relief from nausea.
- You should eat slowly.
- Try to eat smaller meals, several times during the day.
- Have cool and healthy beverages between meals, instead of meals.
- Consume dry and bland foods.
- Having small quantity of toast, crackers or a banana, just before getting out of your bed in the morning is known to reduce nausea in some women.
- Avoid foods such as onion, garlic, acidic vegetables and fruits and spicy foods.
- Avoid greasy, fried foods, which take more time for digestion and if food remains in your stomach for long time, it can worsen your nausea.
- Try to avoid foods having strong odor. Eat cold food or low odor items in ventilated areas.
- Limit your caffeine intake. Caffeine affects your gastrointestinal tract, which increases your chances of nausea and may also lead to dehydration.